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Cartilage & Bone

Studies and Research Papers

Cartilage 1

Suppression Effect of Astaxanthin on Osteoclast Formation In Vitro and Bone Loss In Vivo

Moreover, in the in vitro experiment, we demonstrated that AST inhibits osteoclast formation through the expression of the nuclear factor of ...



Heamatococcus pluvialis amelior-

ates bone loss in experimentally-induced osteoporosis in rats via the regulation of OPG/RANKL pathway

In conclusion, astaxanthin-rich H. pluvialis fraction showed to be benefi...


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A potential role for astaxanthin in the treatment of bone diseases (Review)

Astaxanthin exerts a strong antioxidant activity and is widely used in food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Oxidative stress damages...


Cartilage 2
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Astaxanthin supplementation attenuates immobilization-induced skeletal muscle fibrosis via suppression of oxidative stress

In conclusion, we find that astaxanthin supplementation is effective to attenuate skeletal muscle fibrosis...


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Astaxanthin ameliorates cartilage damage in experimental osteoarthritis

Astaxanthin inhibited the gene expression of MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-13 in cartilage as compared with the vehicle group...


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Building strength, endurance, and mobility using an astaxanthin formulation with functional training in elderly

Here, we show that functionally based exercise training combined with a formulation of natural anti‐inflammatory and antioxidant...



Muscle Performance


Beauty & Skin

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